• CA - CPT
  • CA - IPCC
  • CA - Final
  • ACCA F1-F3
  • ACCA F4-F9
  • ACCA P-Level
  • B.Com Offcampus

CPT - Common Proficiency Test

About the Course

Entry level test for Chartered Accountancy Course.

Test comprises four subjects:

♦ Accounting

♦ Mercantile Laws

♦ General Economics

♦ Quantitative Aptitude

CPT is an objective type test with negative marking.

It is held twice a year in the months of June and December.

CPT exam is conducted in two sessions of two hours each on the same day. Examination is of 200 marks.

Passing Criteria: Obtains at one sitting a minimum of 30% marks in each section and a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate of all the sections, subject to the principle of negative marking.

Who can join the course?

The student can appear for CPT exam after completing their 12 th examination conducted by an examining body constituted by law in India or an examination recognised by the Central Government.

How to apply for admission to the CPT Course?

A student is required to apply in the prescribed form.

The application form can be downloaded from ICAI website Fees:CLICK HERE

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IPCC-Integrated Professional Competence Course

About the course

Two routes to IPCC:

♦ Join Intermediate (IPCC) Course/ATC after passing CPT and 10+2 examination.

Or

♦ After Commerce Graduation/Post-Graduation (55%) or Other Graduation/Post-Graduation (60%).

Covers seven papers comprising of two groups.

Group I

Paper 1: Accounting (100 Marks).

Paper 2: Business Laws, Ethics and Communication (100 marks).

♦ Part I: Business Laws (60 marks) comprising Business Laws (30 marks) Company Law (70 Marks).

♦ Part II: Ethics (20 Marks).

♦ Part III: Communication (20 Marks).

Paper 3: Cost Accounting and Financial Management (100 Marks).

♦ Part I: Cost Accounting (50 Marks).

♦ Part II: Financial Management (50 Marks).

Paper 4: Taxation (100 Marks)

♦ Part I: Income Tax (50 Marks).

♦ Part II: Indirect Tax (50 Marks).

Group II

Paper 5: Advanced Accounting (100 Marks).

Paper 6: Auditing and Assurance (100 Marks).

Paper 7: Information Technology and Strategic Management (100 Marks).

♦ Section A: Information Technology (50 Marks).

♦ Section B: Strategic Management (50 Marks).

The subjects of Intermediate (IPCC) Course are classified into two groups. The student can study and appear in the examination single group or both the groups together.

♦ After registration student has to undergo Orientation Programme

♦ Complete 100 hours ITT.

♦ After completion of 8 months of regular study course student can appear for the IPCC examination

♦ Join articled training after passing either Group I or Both Groups of Intermediate (IPCC) Course.

♦ Undergo First General Management and Communication Skills (GMCS) course (15 days) during the first year of articled training.

♦ Undergo Second General Management and Communication Skills (GMCS) course (15 days) after completion of 18 months of articled training but before completion of articled training. Alternatively, attend Four Week's Residential Programme on Professional Skills Development.

♦ Clear Group II of Intermediate (IPCC) Examination if not done earlier.

♦ After passing Intermediate (IPCC) Examination register for Final course with the Board of Studies.

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CA - Final

CA Final Course

♦ After passing Intermediate (IPCC) Examination register for Final course with the Board of Studies.

♦ Before appearing in the Final Examination student has to complete Advance Information Technology Training during the third year of articled training.

Group I

Paper 1: Financial Reporting (100 Marks).

Paper 2: Strategic Financial Management (100 Marks).

Paper 3: Advanced Auditing and Professional Ethics (100 Marks).

Paper 4: Corporate and Allied Laws (100 Marks)

♦ Section A: Company Law (70 Marks).

♦ Section B: Allied Laws (30 Marks).

Group II

Paper 5: Advanced Management Accounting (100 Marks).

Paper 6: Information Systems Control and Audit (100 Marks).

Paper 7: Direct Tax Laws (100 Marks).

Paper 8: Indirect Tax Laws (100 Marks)

♦ Section A: Central Excise (40 Marks).

♦ Section B: Service Tax & VAT (40 Marks).

♦ Section C: Customs (20 Marks).

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ACCA F1 F2 F3 - Knowledge Module

There are total 16 papers in ACCA, to become ACCA affiliate students must complete 14 paper. These papers are divided into two levels FUNDAMENTAL LEVEL and PROFESSIONAL LEVEL.

Fundamental level is subdivided into two module Knowledge Module and Skill Module.

Knowledge Module has a total of three papers F1, F2, F3.

The Knowledge module introduces you to the main areas of financial and management accounting.

F1 TO F3 papers are objective and computer-based exams (CBEs). Students can write these papers any time. Computer-based exams (CBEs) offer students the flexibility they need to progress through the first stages of the qualification. Lakshya has Licensed CBE Centre. Students can write the CBE exam at Lakshya Ca Campus.

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F1(Accountant in Business)

Part A: The Business organisation, its stakeholders and the external environment

1) Business organisation and their stakeholders

2) Business environment

3) The macro-economic environment

4) The micro-economic factors

Part B: The Business organisation, functions and governance:

1) Business organisation, structure and strategy

2) Organisational culture and committees

3) Corporate governance and social responsibility

Part C: Accounting and reporting systems, controls and compliance

1) The role of accounting

2)Control, security and audit

3) Identifying and preventing fraud

Part D: Leading and managing Individuals and teams

1) Leading and managing people

2) Recruitment and selection

3) Diversity and equal opportunities

4) Individuals, groups and teams

5) Motivating, individuals and groups

6) Training and development

7) Performance appraisal

Part E: Personal effectiveness and communcation business:

1) Personal effectiveness and communication

Part F: Personal ethics in accounting and business:

1) Ethical considerations

F2 (Management Accounting)

Introduction:

1) Helping you to pass

2) Chapter features

3) Studying FMA/F2

4) The computer based examination

5) Tackling multiple Choice Questions

Part A The nature, score and purpose of management information:

1) Accounting for management

2) Source of Data

3) Cost Classification

4) Cost behaviour

5) Presenting Information

Part B cost accounting techniques

1)Accounting for materials

2)Accounting for labour

3)Accounting for overheads

4)Absorption and marginal costing

5)Job, batch and service costing

6)Process costing

7)Process costing joint products and by products

8)Alternative costing principles

9)Forecasting

10)Budgeting

11)The budgetary process

12)Making budgets work

13)Capital expenditure budgeting

14)Methods of project appraisal

Part E Standard Costing

1)Standard Costing

2)Cost Variance

3)Sales Variance and operating statements

Part D Performance measurement

1)Performance measurement

2)Application of performance measurement

F3 (Financial Accounting)

Part A The context and purpose of financial reporting:

1) Introduction to accounting

2) The regulatory framework

Part B The Qualitative characteristics of financial information:

1) The Qualitative characteristics of financial information

Part C The use of double entry and accounting systems:

1) Sources, records and books of prime entry

2) Ledger accounts and double entry

3) From trail balance to financial statements

Part D Recording transactions and events:

1) Sales Tax

2) Inventory

3) Tangible non-current assets

4) Accruals and prepayments

5) Irrecoverable debts and allowances

6) Provisions and contingencies

Part D Recording transactions and events:

1) Control accounts

2) Banks reconciliations

3) Corrections of errors

4) Preparation of financial statements for sole traders

Part F Preparing basic financial statements:

1) Incomplete records

2) Introduction to company accounting

3) Preparation of financial statements for companies

4) Events after their reporting period

5) Statements of cash flows

Part G Preparing simple consolidated financial statements:

1) Introduction to consolidated financial statements

2) The consolidated financial position

3) The consolidated statements of profits or loss and other comprehensive

Part H Interpretation of financial statements:

Interpretation of financial statements

ACCA F4 - F9, Skill Module

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Skill Module has a total of six papers: F4, F5, F6, F7, F8, F9

There are six subjects in the Skills module which cover the main technical areas that accountants are expected to know

F4 papers are objective and computer-based exams (CBEs). Student can write the F4 exam any time. F5, F6, F7, F8, F9 papers are theoretical papers. Students can write these papers at their preferred centre they chose while registering their exams. There are 4 exam sessions for F5 to F9 March, June, September and December. Students have the option to write any 4 papers in each exam sessions.

F4 (Corporate and Business Law)

A) Essential elements of the legal system

1. Law and the legal system

2. Sources of law

B) The law of obligations

1. Formation of contract

2. Content of contracts

3. Breach of contract and remedies

4. The law of torts and professional negligence

C) Employment law

1. Contract of employment

2. Dismissal and redundancy

D) The formation and constitution of business organisations

1. Agency law

2. Partnerships

3. Corporations and legal personality

4. The formation and constitution of a company

E) Capital and the financing of companies

1. Share capital

2. Loan capital

3. Capital maintenance and dividend law

F) Management, administration and the regulation of companies

1. Company directors

2. Other company officers

3. Company meetings and resolutions

G) Insolvency law

1. Insolvency and administration

H) Corporate fraudulent and criminal behaviour

1. Fraudulent and criminal behaviour

F5 (Performance Management)

A) Specialist cost and management accounting techniques

1. Activity-based costing

2. Target costing

3. Life-cycle costing

4. Throughput accounting

5. Environmental accounting

B) Decision-making techniques

1. Relevant cost analysis

2. Cost volume analysis

3. Limiting factors

4. Pricing decisions

5. Make-or-buy and other short-term decisions

6. Dealing with risk and uncertainty in decision- making

C) Budgeting and control

1. Budgetary systems

2. Types of budget

3. Quantitative analysis in budgeting

4. Standard costing

5. Material mix and yield variances

6. Sales mix and quantity variances

7. Planning and operational variances

8. Performance analysis and behavioural aspects

D) Performance measurement and control

1. Performance management information systems

2. Sources of management information

3. Management reports

4. Performance analysis in private sector organisations

5. Divisional performance and transfer pricing

6. Performance analysis in not-for-profit organisations and the public sector

7. External considerations and behavioural aspects

F6 Taxation (UK)

A. The UK tax system and its administration

1. The overall function and purpose of taxation in a modern economy

2. Principal sources of revenue law and practice

3. The systems for self-assessment and the making of returns

4. The time limits for the submission of information, claims and payment of tax, including payments on account

5. The procedures relating to compliance checks, appeals and disputes

6. Penalties for non-compliance

B. Income tax and NIC liabilities

1. The scope of income tax

2. Income from employment

3. Income from self-employment

4. Property and investment income

5. The comprehensive computation of taxable income and income tax liability

6. National insurance contributions for employed and self-employed persons

7. The use of exemptions and reliefs in deferring and minimising income tax liabilities

C. Chargeable gains for individuals

1. The scope of the taxation of capital gains

2. The basic principles of computing gains and losses

3. Gains and losses on the disposal of movable and immovable property

4. Gains and losses on the disposal of shares and securities.

5. The computation of capital gains tax

6. The use of exemptions and reliefs in deferring and minimising tax liabilities arising on the disposal of capital assets

D. Inheritance tax

1. The basic principles of computing transfers of value

2. The liabilities arising on chargeable lifetime transfers and on the death of an individual

3. The use of exemptions in deferring and minimising inheritance tax liabilities

4. Payment of inheritance tax

E. Corporation tax liabilities

1. The scope of corporation tax

2. Taxable total profits

3. Chargeable gains for companies

4. The comprehensive computation of corporation tax liability

5. The effect of a group corporate structure for corporation tax purposes

6. The use of exemptions and reliefs in deferring and minimising corporation tax liabilities

F. Value added tax

1. The VAT registration requirements

2. The computation of VAT liabilities

3. The effect of special schemes

F7 Financial Reporting

A) The conceptual and regulatory framework for financial reporting

1. The need for a conceptual framework and the characteristics of useful information

2. Recognition and measurement

3. Specialised, not-for-profit, and public sector entities

4. Regulatory framework

5. The concepts and principles of groups and consolidated financial statements

B) Accounting for transactions in financial statements

1. Tangible non-current assets

2. Intangible assets

3. Impairment of assets

4. Inventory and biological assets

5. Financial instruments

6. Leasing

7. Provisions and events after the reporting period

8. Taxation

9. Reporting financial performance

10. Revenue

11. Government grants

C) Analysing and interpreting financial statements

1. Limitations of financial statements

2. Calculation and interpretation of accounting ratios and trends to address users’ and stakeholders’ needs

3. Limitations of interpretation techniques

4. Specialized, not-for-profit, and public sector entities

D) Preparation of financial statements

1. Preparation of single entity financial statements

2. Preparation of consolidated financial statements including an associate

F8 Audit and Assurance

A. Audit framework and regulation

1. The concept of audit and other assurance engagements

2. External audits

3. Corporate governance

4. Professional ethics and ACCA’s Code of Ethics and Conduct

5. Internal audit and governance and the differences between external audit and internal audit

6. The scope of the internal audit function, outsourcing and internal audit assignments

B. Planning and risk assessment

1. Obtaining and accepting audit engagements

2. Objective and general principles

3. Assessing audit risks

4. Understanding the entity and its environment

5. Fraud, laws and regulations

6. Audit planning and documentation

C. Internal control

1. Internal control systems

2. The use and evaluation of internal control systems by auditors

3. Tests of control

4. Communication on internal control

D. Audit evidence

1. Financial statement assertions and audit evidence

2. Audit procedures

3. Audit sampling and other means of testing

4. The audit of specific items

5. Computer-assisted audit techniques

6. The work of others

7. Not-for-profit organisations

E. Review and reporting

1. Subsequent events

2. Going concern

3. Written representations

4. Audit finalisation and the final review

5. Audit reports

F9 Financial Management

A) Financial management function

1. The nature and purpose of financial management

2. Financial objectives and relationship with corporate strategy

3. Stakeholders and impact on corporate objectives

4. Financial and other objectives in not-for-profit organisations

B) Financial management environment

1. The economic environment for business

2. The nature and role of financial markets and institutions

3. The nature and role of money market

C) Working capital management

1. The nature, elements and importance of working capital

2. Management of inventories, accounts receivable, accounts payable and cash

3. Determining working capital needs and funding strategies

D) Investment appraisal

1. Investment appraisal techniques

2. Allowing for inflation and taxation in investment appraisal

3. Adjusting for risk and uncertainty in investment appraisal

4. Specific investment decisions (lease or buy; asset replacement, capital rationing)

E) Business finance

1. Sources of, and raising business finance

2. Estimating the cost of capital

3. Sources of finance and their relative costs

4. Capital structure theories and practical considerations

5. Finance for small- and medium-sized entities

F) Business valuations

1. Nature and purpose of the valuation of business and financial assets

2. Models for the valuation of shares

3. The valuation of debt and other financial assets

4. Efficient market hypothesis (EMH) and practical considerations in the valuation of shares

G) Risk management

1. The nature and types of risk and approaches to risk management

2. Causes of exchange rate differences and interest rate fluctuations

3. Hedging techniques for foreign currency risk

4. Hedging techniques for interest rate risk

ACCA P Level

The Professional level is divided into two modules; Essentials and Options. Both of the modules at Professional level have been set at the same ability level as a Masters degree. This level builds on the technical knowledge you will already have. It will also explore more advanced professional skills, techniques and values. These are required at a senior level by accountants working in an advisory or consultancy role.

Essential Module has a total of three papers : P1, P2, P3

P1(Governance, Risk and Ethics)

Part A Governance and Responsibility:

1) Scope of corporate governance

2)Approaches to corporate governance

3) Corporate governance practice and reporting

Part B Internal control and risk:

1) Internal control systems

2) Risk attitudes and internal environment

3) Risks

4) Risk assessment and response

5) Information, communication and monitoring

Part C Professional values and ethics

1)Personal ethics

2) Professional ethics

3) Corporate social responsibility

P2 Corporate Reporting

A) The professional and ethical duty of the accountant

1. Professional behaviour and compliance with accounting standards

2. Ethical requirements of corporate reporting and the consequences of unethical behaviour

3. Social responsibility

B) The financial reporting framework

1. The applications, strengths and weaknesses of an accounting framework

2. Critical evaluation of principles and practices

C) Reporting the financial performance of entities

1. Performance reporting

2. Non-current assets

3. Financial instruments

4. Leases

5. Segment reporting

6. Employee benefits

7. Income taxes

8. Provisions, contingencies and events after the reporting date

9. Related parties

10.Share-based payment

11.Reporting requirements of small and medium- sized entities (SMEs)

D) Financial statements of groups of entities

1. Group accounting including statements of cash flows

2. Continuing and discontinued interests

3. Changes in group structures

4. Foreign transactions and entities

E) Specialised entities and specialised transactions

1. Financial reporting in specialised, not-for-profit and public sector entities

2. Entity reconstructions

F) Implications of changes in accounting regulation on financial reporting

1. The effect of changes in accounting standards on accounting systems

2. Proposed changes to accounting standards

G) The appraisal of financial performance and position of entities

1. The creation of suitable accounting policies

2. Analysis and interpretation of financial information and measurement of performance

H) Current developments

1. Environmental and social reporting

2. Convergence between national and international reporting standards

3. Current reporting issues

P3 Business Analysis

A) Strategic position

1. The need for, and purpose of, strategic and business analysis

2. Environmental issues affecting the strategic position of, and future outlook for, an organisation

3. Competitive forces affecting an organisation

4. Marketing and the value of goods and services

5. The internal resources, capabilities and competences of an organisation

6. The expectations of stakeholders and the influence of ethics and culture

B) Strategic choices

1. The influence of corporate strategy on an organisation

2. Alternative approaches to achieving competitive advantage

3. Alternative directions and methods of development

C) Strategic action

1. Organising and enabling success

2. Managing strategic change

3. Understanding strategy development

D) Business and process change

1. Business change

2. The role of process and process change initiatives

3. Improving the processes of the organisation

4. Software solutions

E) Information technology

1. Principles of information technology

2. Principles of e-business

3. E-business application: upstream supply chain management

4. E-business application: downstream supply chain management

5. E-business application: customer relationship management

F) Project management

1. The nature of projects

2. Building a business case

3. Managing and leading projects

4. Planning, monitoring and controlling projects

5. Concluding a project

G) Financial Analysis

1. The link between strategy and finance

2. Finance decisions to formulate and support business strategy

3. The role of cost and management accounting in strategic planning and implementation

4. Financial implications of ma*-king strategic choices and of implementing strategic actions

H) People

1. Strategy and people: leadership

2. Strategy and people: job design

3. Strategy and people: staff development

Optional Module has a total of three papers (Any two out of four) P4, P5 P6 P7

P4 Advanced Financial Management

A) Role and responsibility towards stakeholders

1. The role and responsibility of senior financial executive/advisor

2. Financial strategy formulation

3. Conflicting stakeholder interests

4. Ethical issues in financial management

5. Environmental issues and integrated reporting

B) Economic environment for multinational organisations

1. Management of international trade and finance

2. Strategic business and financial planning for multinational organisations

C) Advanced investment appraisal

1. Discounted cash flow techniques

2. Application of option pricing theory in investment decisions

3. Impact of financing on investment decisions and adjusted present values

4. Valuation and the use of free cash flows

5. International investment and financing decisions

D) Acquisitions and mergers

1. Acquisitions and mergers versus other growth strategies

2. Valuation for acquisitions and mergers

3. Regulatory framework and processes

4. Financing acquisitions and mergers

E) Corporate reconstruction and re-organisation

1. Financial reconstruction

2. Business re-organisation

F) Treasury and advanced risk management techniques

1. The role of the treasury function in multinationals

2. The use of financial derivatives to hedge against forex risk

3. The use of financial derivatives to hedge against interest rate risk

4. Dividend policy in multinationals and transfer pricing

G) Emerging issues in finance and financial management

1. Developments in world financial markets

2. Developments in international trade and finance

3. Developments in Islamic financing

P5 Advanced Performance Management

A) Strategic planning and control

1. Introduction to strategic management accounting

2. Performance management and control of the organisation

3. Changes in business structure and management accounting

4. Effect of Information Technology (IT) on strategic management accounting

5. Other environmental and ethical issues

B) External influences on organisational performance

1. Changing business environment

2. Impact of external factors on strategy and performance

C) Performance measurement systems and design

1. Performance management information systems

2. Sources of management information

3. Recording and processing methods

4. Management reports

D) Strategic performance measurement

1. Performance hierarchy

2. Strategic performance measures in private sector

3. Divisional performance and transfer pricing issues

4. Strategic performance measures in not-for profit organisations

5. Non- financial performance indictors

6. The role of quality in management information and performance measurement systems

7. Performance measurement and strategic human resource management issues

8. Performance measurement and the reward systems

9. Other behavioural aspects of performance measurement

E) Performance evaluation and corporate failure

1. Alternative views of performance measurement and management

2. Strategic performance issues in complex business structures

3. Predicting and preventing corporate failure

F) Current developments and emerging issues performance management

1. Current developments in management accounting techniques

2. Current issues and trends in performance management

P6 Advanced Taxation (UK)

A) Knowledge and understanding of the UK tax system through the study of more advanced topics within the taxes studied previously and the study of stamp taxes.

1. Income and income tax liabilities in situations involving further overseas aspects and in relation to trusts, and the application of additional exemptions and reliefs.

2. Chargeable gains and capital gains tax liabilities in situations involving further overseas aspects and in relation to closely related persons and trusts, and the application of additional exemptions and reliefs.

3. Inheritance tax in situations involving further aspects of the scope of the tax and the calculation of the liabilities arising, the principles of valuation and the reliefs available, transfers of property to and from trusts, overseas aspects and further aspects of administration.

4. Corporation tax liabilities in situations involving overseas and further group aspects and in relation to special types of company, and the application of additional exemptions and reliefs.

5. Stamp taxes

6. Value added tax, tax administration and the UK tax system

B) The impact of relevant taxes on various situations and courses of action, including the interaction of taxes

1. Taxes applicable to a given situation or course of action and their impact.

2. Alternative ways of achieving personal or business outcomes may lead to different tax consequences.

3. Taxation effects of the financial decisions made by businesses (corporate and unincorporated) and by individuals.

4. Tax advantages and/or disadvantages of alternative courses of action.

5. Statutory obligations imposed in a given situation, including any time limits for action and the implications of non-compliance.

C) Minimising and/or deferring tax liabilities by the use of standard tax planning measures

1. Types of investment and other expenditure that will result in a reduction in tax liabilities for an individual and/or a business.

2. Legitimate tax planning measures, by which the tax liabilities arising from a particular situation or course of action can be mitigated.

3. The appropriateness of such investment, expenditure or measures, given a particular taxpayer’s circumstances or stated objectives.

4. The mitigation of tax in the manner recommended, by reference to numerical analysis and/or reasoned argument.

5. Ethical and professional issues arising from the giving of tax planning advice.

6. Current issues in taxation.

D) Communicating with clients, HM Revenue and Customs and other professionals

1. Communication of advice, recommendations and information in the required format.

2. Presentation of written information, in language appropriate to the purpose of the communication and the intended recipient.

3. Conclusions reached with relevant supporting computations.

4. Assumptions made or limitations in the analysis provided, together with any inadequacies in the information available and/or additional information required to provide a fuller analysis.

5. Other non-tax factors that should be considered.

P7 Advanced Audit and Assurance (INT)

A) Regulatory Environment

1. International regulatory frameworks for audit and assurance services

2. Money laundering

3. Laws and regulations

B) Professional and Ethical Considerations

1. Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants

2. Fraud and error

3. Professional liability

C) Practice Management

1. Quality control

2. Advertising, publicity, obtaining professional work and fees

3. Tendering

4. Professional appointments

D) Audit of historical financial information

1. Planning, materiality and assessing the risk of misstatement

2. Evidence

3. Evaluation and review

4. Group audits

E) Other assignments

1. Audit-related and assurance services

2. Prospective financial information

3. Forensic audits

4. Internal audit

5. Outsourcing

6. The audit of performance information (predetermined objectives) in public sector

F) Reporting

1. Auditor’s reports

2. Reports to those charged with governance and management

3. Other reports

G) Current Issues and Developments

1. Professional and ethical

2. Transnational audits

3. The audit of social, environmental and integrated reporting

4. Other current issues

B.Com Off-Campus

In Lakshya CA Campus,we provide BCom (Bachelor of Commerce) as a distance education along with the Chartered Accountancy course. If other universities needed, we provide them with the proper assistance for registering successfully. For Madras University,we provide the students with the appilcation form from this institute itself. They just have to fill in the form and pay the registration fees, Rs. 5000/-. The exam,which is conducted yearly-wise,will be during the month of May and December. The students will get their study materials as they are preparing for their CA course, and will also be notified the time to pay their exam registration fees which is about Rs.750/-.

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